【双语】儿童思维导图 Mind Mapping for Kids

作者: miabaobao |2015-5-7 17:23 | 查看/评论: 7545/68| 有效评论: 39

Can we teach elementary school students to understand what they’re reading?
How early can we start teaching students comprehension strategies?
When should students start reading informational texts?

我们可以教小学生理解他们读的是什么吗?
我们可以多早开始教学生们理解策略?
学生们何时可以开始阅读报告类文章?


We absolutely CAN teach elementary school students to read for comprehension. The question is, in what grade?
毫无疑问,我们可以教小学生以理解为目的的阅读。但问题是,哪种级别呢?

Research supports that as early as in kindergarten, students can start effectively using comprehension strategies, reading informational texts, and understanding what they’re reading.
研究表明,早在幼儿园时期,学生们就能够开始有效地使用理解策略,阅读报告类文章,并理解他们读的是什么。

Mind Mapping For Kids (MMFK)
儿童思维导图

Mind Mapping for Kids helps elementary school students — even those in kindergarten — develop higher-level thinking and improve their reading comprehension using mind maps and the 8 reading comprehension strategies.
MMFK能够利用思维导图以及8种阅读理解策略帮助小学生,甚至幼儿园孩子,发展高水平的思想并提高他们的阅读理解能力。

The book is intended to be used in conjunction with other literacy instruction programs. It can be a catalyst for the use of mind maps and comprehension strategies and a complement to instructional techniques already in use.
本书应与其他学习指导资料协同使用。它可以看做是思维导图和理解策略的催化剂,也可看做是某些正在使用的指导方法的补充。

Reading Comprehension
阅读理解

We read to get information and ideas, to enjoy stories, and to attain new knowledge. To do any of those, we need to comprehend what we read.
我们可以从阅读中获得信息与思想,享受故事并获得新知识。不论哪一种收获,我们都需要理解我们所读的内容。

Reading is a complex, interactive, personal thinking process that involves making meaning from what we read. The meaning comes from relating what the author is trying to communicate with our knowledge, experience, perspective, and purpose in reading. Reading requires critical thinking and critical literacy skills, such as reflecting on what you’re reading and making connections between what you’re reading and what you know and feel, especially as the text gets more complex.
阅读是一种复杂的、互动的人类思想过程,它涉及从所读之物中获取意义。意义来自于在阅读中把作者想要表达的内容与我们的知识、经历、看法以及目的联系起来。阅读需要挑剔的思维和批判性的文化能力,例如思考所读之物,联系所读之物和所知所感,尤其是当文章变得复杂的时候。

Reading comprehension is essential to student success, not just in the context of school and exams, but, more importantly, for lifelong success. Helping students learn meaningfully is a teacher’s most important goal, as it is a process students will use to facilitate their lifelong learning.
阅读理解对学生的成功来讲是必要的。这不仅仅是指在学校和考试的环境中,它对于一生的成功更为重要。帮助学生有意义的学习是老师最重要的目标,因为学生将会使用它并促进终生学习。

Concise Reading Method (CRM)
简明阅读法

CRM is a reading method that aids reading comprehension using mind maps and the 8 comprehension strategies. It’s a method used by students and teachers to construct meaning from narrative and informational text and then sustain and refine those understandings.
CRM是采用思维导图和8种理解策略来辅助阅读理解的一种阅读方法。学生和老师使用这种方法从叙述类和报告类文章中来构建意义并支撑和精炼理解。

Here’s a summary diagram of CRM (click diagram for interactive version):
以下是CRM的概要图(需要互动版本请点击下图) :
1.jpg

Mind Mapping
思维导图

Mind maps are visual maps of information where associated concepts (subtopics) branch out of a central topic. When mapping, learners break apart complex information into key concepts, which they then place into a map where all of the listed concepts are connected. The process of placing information into a mind map changes that information in that the learner has made decisions about what concepts to highlight and how to connect them.
思维图是信息的可视图,在这里相关概念(副主题)从中心主题中衍生而出。绘图时,学习者把复杂信息打碎并分离,制成可以放置在一张图中的关键概念,其中所列概念都是相关联的。把信息放置在一张思维图中的过程把信息变成了学习者决定什么概念突出以及如何关联他们的过程。

To compose a mind map, comprehension must take place. Mind maps work so well because they move in all directions, mirroring the way our brains work.
对建立思维图来说,理解是必须的。由于思维图的多方向运动并映射大脑的工作方式,所以它们具有很好的效果。

8 Comprehension Strategies
8种理解策略

The 8 comprehension strategies in CRM were adapted from theInto the Book reading comprehension program. I adopted the strategies for the CRM because they were research-based, student and teacher tested, and also because they were well aligned with the 4 steps of the Concise Learning Method (CLM)
CRM的8种理解策略是根据Into the Book阅读理解项目改编的。我之所以采用它们是因为它们以科研为基础,由老师和学生实验过的,并且它们与 4 steps of the Concise Learning Method (CLM)是一体的。

Common Core Standards
常用核心标准

CRM improves student performance and meets curriculum standards by integrating the 8 comprehension strategies with mind maps.
通过综合使用8种理解策略和思维图,CRM提高了学生能力,并满足了课程标准。

Standards that are met with the 8 comprehension strategies can be found here:
http://reading.ecb.org
8种理解策略所满足的标准请点击 http://reading.ecb.org

Information on how core standards are met with mind maps can be found here: http://www.inspiration.com/Standards-Matches/Inspiration/.
有关思维图如何满足核心标准的信息请点击http://www.inspiration.com/Standards-Matches/Inspiration/.

本文有猜友小瑜儿翻译,未经同意不得转载!

最新回复

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菜菜弟弟 发表于 2015-5-12 17:26:45
谢谢,开拓了新的课题
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songxima 发表于 2015-5-13 13:51:53
谢谢看了几个帖子,真的很受益
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云开日出 发表于 2015-5-18 21:48:09
开始关注这方面的资料,谢谢分享
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0 点赞 guelphlee 发表于 2015-7-6 11:49:56
THANKS A LOT
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0 点赞 dn7522 发表于 2016-2-15 10:42:16
之前购入一套思维导图的书,很受益,归纳、总结、分类、联想
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0 点赞 freemanhong 发表于 2016-2-15 13:03:37
没有弄明白!
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0 点赞 fengerll 发表于 2016-4-1 12:17:59
很需要这方面的资料,谢谢!
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0 点赞 123abc12 发表于 2016-4-1 17:36:44
受益非线啊?儿童都有导向图啊,要努力点学习才行,为了孩子,加油
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0 点赞 啊呜YES 发表于 2016-6-14 11:03:34
开始关注这方面的资料,谢谢分享
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