《经济学家杂志》关于英语学习的文章:开始不必早方法很重要

4 点赞 作者: ilsa129 |2019-5-19 20:39 | 查看/评论: 1735/116| 有效评论: 101

分享一篇Economist关于英语的文章:Who speaks English文中关于什么时候开始学英语有很有趣的观察:
0 ^  [+ a  q4 r, r3 {& ETeaching plays a role, too. Starting young, while it seems a good idea, may not pay off: children between eight and 12 learn foreign languages faster than younger ones, so each class hour on English is better spent on a 10-year-old than on a six-year-old. Between 1984 and 2000, the study's authors say, the Netherlands and Denmark began English-teaching between 10 and 12, while Spain and Italy began between eight and 11, with considerably worse results. Mr Hult reckons that poor methods, particularly the rote learning he sees in Japan, can be responsible for poor results despite strenuous efforts.
, h7 z! r& z% ?& a(大意是:教学方法其实比启蒙早晚更重要。学的早,看起来是个好主意,但收效未必最大。8到12岁儿童比幼童学习语言更快。所以同样的学习时间花在10岁孩子身上比花在6岁孩子身上更见效。)( M( T# T3 [- {7 X8 @

5 X, Y1 v. X6 `& D# P. p8 r" S% i& c斯堪的纳维亚的人英语讲的是非母语国家中最好的,荷兰和丹麦人开始学英语是10-12岁;西班牙和意大利人是11-12岁效果要差一些(不过西班牙语和意大利语比荷兰语和丹麦语在世界上有用多了;前面有说道一种语言在世界上使用比较普遍就会导致操着这种语言的人英语比较差);日本人虽然勤奋,但是方法有问题。
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Finally, one surprising result is that China and India are next to each other (29th and 30th of 44) in the rankings, despite India’s reputation as more Anglophone. Mr Hult says that the Chinese have made a broad push for English (they're "practically obsessed with it”). But efforts like this take time to marinade through entire economies, and so may have avoided notice by outsiders. India, by contrast, has long had well-known Anglophone elites, but this is a narrow slice of the population in a country considerably poorer and less educated than China. English has helped India out-compete China in services, while China has excelled in manufacturing. But if China keeps up the push for English, the subcontinental neighbour's advantage may not last.
+ I5 q0 P7 V& `  a: K最后提到中国和印度(29和30位),提到中国学英语成风(疯)有兴趣的自己读吧。. Z) ~2 }0 x1 I+ H0 o/ d* D/ |( [+ Y
总之,开始不必早,方法很重要
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6 e. x1 A1 |% h$ F% h- cWho speaks English?   【The Economist】* @9 _! s, R9 ~2 f' J) T% [" U
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EVERYONE knows the stereotypes about foreigners speaking English: Scandinavians are shockingly fluent, while the Japanese lag despite years and billions of yen spent trying. Now a big new study confirms some of those stereotypes. But it holds some surprises as well.
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& f& e6 J" ?0 i; M% R! r7 @EF Education First, an English-teaching company, compiled the biggest ever internationally comparable sample of English learners: some 2m people took identical tests online in 44 countries. The top five performers were Norway, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden and Finland. The bottom five were Panama, Colombia, Thailand, Turkey and Kazakhstan. Among regions, Latin America fared worst. (No African country had enough takers to make the lists’s threshold for the minimum number of participants.)4 n# \$ n  g2 U1 H5 m
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This was not a statistically controlled study: the subjects took a free test online and of their own accord.  They were by definition connected to the internet and interested in testing their English; they will also be younger and more urban than the population at large. But Philip Hult, the boss of EF, says that his sample shows results similar to a more scientifically controlled but smaller study by the British Council.6 \$ u  ~6 B" U1 M" y6 R. F0 ~
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Several factors correlate with English ability.  Wealthy countries do better overall. But smaller wealthy countries do better still: the larger the number of speakers of a country’s main language, the worse that country tends to be at English. This is one reason Scandinavians do so well: what use is Swedish outside Sweden?  It may also explain why Spain was the worst performer in western Europe, and why Latin America was the worst-performing region: Spanish’s role as an international language in a big region dampens incentives to learn English.* a' H# U/ e' w1 }; q
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Export dependency is another correlate with English. Countries that export more are better at English (though it’s not clear which factor causes which).  Malaysia, the best English-performer in Asia, is also the sixth-most export-dependent country in the world.  (Singapore was too small to make the list, or it probably would have ranked similarly.) This is perhaps surprising, given a recent trend towards anti-colonial and anti-Western sentiment in Malaysia’s politics. The study’s authors surmise that English has become seen as a mere tool, divorced in many minds from its associations with Britain and America.1 a4 E' w, u/ c3 d; F3 T7 N# [4 m+ E

5 \/ U2 ?* Z3 ^Teaching plays a role, too. Starting young, while it seems a good idea, may not pay off: children between eight and 12 learn foreign languages faster than younger ones, so each class hour on English is better spent on a 10-year-old than on a six-year-old. Between 1984 and 2000, the study's authors say, the Netherlands and Denmark began English-teaching between 10 and 12, while Spain and Italy began between eight and 11, with considerably worse results. Mr Hult reckons that poor methods, particularly the rote learning he sees in Japan, can be responsible for poor results despite strenuous efforts. (He would say that, as his company sells English-teaching, but it rings true.)
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8 C! E- t* \- [' n+ V6 t4 `Finally, one surprising result is that China and India are next to each other (29th and 30th of 44) in the rankings, despite India’s reputation as more Anglophone. Mr Hult says that the Chinese have made a broad push for English (they're "practically obsessed with it”). But efforts like this take time to marinade through entire economies, and so may have avoided notice by outsiders. India, by contrast, has long had well-known Anglophone elites, but this is a narrow slice of the population in a country considerably poorer and less educated than China. English has helped India out-compete China in services, while China has excelled in manufacturing. But if China keeps up the push for English, the subcontinental neighbour's advantage may not last.
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最新评论

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2 点赞 亦凡,亦不凡 发表于 2019-5-20 08:26:15
我以前单位碰到一个荷兰老外,在德国工作,他跟我说荷兰语,德语和英语是近亲关系,所以对他而言就是方言之间的关系。所以这个问题不能一概而论。我们不能单看时间上的投入,还要看输出的效果。现实是,小小孩开始学,熟练掌握这门语言的可能性更高。而大孩短期内看是有效,但大多流于表面。综合技能不如小小孩。还有楼上也说了,大孩没时间啊。
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1 点赞 季海斌 发表于 2019-5-19 21:30:56
斯堪的纳维亚人学英语效果好,而日本人学不好,不是方法问题。只是因为:母语和英语的差异性大不大的问题。日语和英语差异太大,所以很难学好
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0 点赞 霖郑 发表于 2019-5-19 21:12:24
谢谢分享好资源
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0 点赞 wx_欣欣_JOoOk 发表于 2019-5-19 21:16:12
感谢您的分享
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0 点赞 毛宇轩 发表于 2019-5-19 21:18:17
谢谢分享好资源
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0 点赞 淡定儿 发表于 2019-5-19 21:32:18
谢谢分享好资源
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0 点赞 wx_nicole_FMoMm 发表于 2019-5-19 21:34:20
斯堪的纳维亚人学英语效果好,而日本人学不好,不是方法问题。只是因为:母语和英语的差异性大不大的问题。日语和英语差异太大,所以很难学好
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0 点赞 wx_郭晶_AFdWF 发表于 2019-5-19 21:35:22
斯堪的纳维亚人学英语效果好,而日本人学不好,不是方法问题。只是因为:母语和英语的差异性大不大的问题。日语和英语差异太大,所以很难学好
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0 点赞 wx_郭晶_AFdWF 发表于 2019-5-19 21:35:44
比较赞同上面的话

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