找回密码
 立即注册

学习phonics的 29个拼写规则介绍

2 点赞 作者: 秋江 |2018-7-9 18:11 | 查看/评论: 980/62| 有效评论: 45

这篇是技术贴,主要列出了拼读拼写中的一些规则,需要认真学习。9 x& C1 |8 |9 i( e7 W" ~+ V2 b

& m: o8 ~7 b- w学习方法是在学习单词的过程中,遇到相应的规则就教给孩子,不用逐条背诵规则。
) l$ T- q! q; \  M
. O$ X* ]! {' r: l& \9 m/ j+ H9 }记住这些规则,妈妈再也不用担心孩子的英文拼读了。
, G7 f8 ~# h9 _- K1 w% [2 e# S: d+ C; W/ l) q
1、  Q
4 n/ M: _; {: z6 ?0 R' XRule:Q is always followedby U. U is not a vowel here.(queen).0 [; Q0 M( I4 a7 C: u
规则:Q后面总是跟着U,U在这里不是元音。(比如:queen)。% R- \" W  L* e$ E$ X. m. p  j- w! L4 Y

, n1 g; y. V! R7 t3 Y8 T2、  C! g3 {2 A( D, e
Rule: The letter C usually says [k] (cat,cot, cut), but C saysbefore e, i, or y(cent, city, cycle).( @/ m; A3 _. g
规则:C通常发音[k] (比如:cat, cot, cut),但是C 在e, i, y前发音。(比如:cent, city, cycle)
) D0 L2 G$ P! X+ L% ~- R/ d  ~% f8 l( d" ~2 z2 V1 y9 u* f! I
3、  G
4 g7 U; W) n5 X. d0 DRule: The letter g usually says [g] (gate,go, gust), but g may say [dʒ] before e, i, or y (page, giant, gym). The letterse and i following g do not always make the g say [dʒ] (get, girl, give)
6 F+ ^4 |+ t1 C) a" {规则:G通常发音[g],但是G 在e, i, y前可能发音[dʒ]。e和i 不一定总是让前面的g发音[dʒ] (比如:get, girl, give)6 m) C% @4 W1 H
( G# w9 P5 p& a: V5 a* A
4、  A,E,O,U' N& _  Y* |7 B/ K+ G- k5 J
Rule: A, E, O, U usually say letter name atthe end of a syllable.
/ `2 P2 Q, ]' J3 Y' I, b规则:A, E, O, U在音节尾通常发音字母音。
$ ^& q( V3 ?9 v9 @* J$ P- r' A
( N" T; R6 c; J7 s5、I & Y
+ P0 L) E/ B3 F" @# gRule: I and Y may say [ai]at the end of asyllable (si lent, cy cle), but usually say (in ci dent, cy cli cal). Theunaccented suffix-y may say [i:] at the end of a word(ba by, dad dy). The i atthe end of a syllable before another vowel that begins the next syllable maysay [i:](ra di o, me di a)' a0 O7 d* n0 ~2 w5 S9 T$ x* S
规则:I 和 Y 在音节尾可能发音[ai],但通常发音。# q7 x& Z* O- F3 D  F; J. s) k' w
     非重读音节词尾的后缀y,可能读[i:](实际发音处在长音[i:]和短音之间)。I 在音节尾、下一音节首是另一元音时,i 可能会读[i:] (ra di o, me di a, period, curious)
& r7 S* W7 P. u. S2 a; m; I
/ n2 E5 J# m% l- x$ a6、Y not I
, k: c% W* C& I& V/ E+ jRule: English words do not end in i, j, uor v. the letter y, not i, is used at the end of an English word(my).& x" V1 r# L3 r
规则:英语单词不以i, j, u o或者 v 结尾。用y替代i用在英语单词词尾。
+ d! T7 c' b" \/ }/ v  }% l, T8 }! k7 h  T+ [
7、silent final Es$ Q/ h* D. y  z7 X
Rule 7-1: silent final e is to let thevowel say its second sound(letter name)
+ W+ W; P* ]. y规则7-1:结尾不发音e使跟它隔一个字母的元音字母发第二音(即字母音,长音);
) g$ T9 j) n' D& F3 n! ?& x( k2 B$ v' Q5 i( k- R- h. e
Rule 7-2: silent final e is to prevent usfrom ending an English word with u or v, because English words do not end in i,j, u or v.
  Q- J' ~& _* U% }, w规则7-2:避免u和v出现在英语单词词尾。因为英语单词不以i, j, u 或者 v结尾。- d, Q% s: @5 u! l) |
. P5 w1 A4 S1 G, @
Rule 7-3: silent final e is to soften a cor g(to make c says,g says [dʒ])1 W; J# X1 i5 A) R, r; ~" T
规则7-3: 使c和g读轻音(使c读,g读[dʒ])
+ H- q/ o2 J- f. r$ W' h5 p
; t7 E( s3 l' _$ @% j# w  ]' C$ B( f4 H4 v9 Q, i1 R8 ]
Rule 7-4: silent final e is to prevent usfrom having a syllable with no vowel. Every syllable must have a written vowel.5 A8 m; [4 I+ ]/ B* ~& z% d: m) E
规则7-4: 避免一个音节中没有元音。因为每一个音节都必须要有一个元音字母。
, N8 ~( U* W& p0 v. r$ {) n9 }. @7 X! U/ A2 E5 S2 |, h
Rule 7-5ther jobs or unknown reasons:
) j/ `. _+ F) B/ G  \& A(1)    The E keeps a word that is notplural from ending in an ‘s’ Ex: dense(not dens),purse(not purs),false(notfals).跟其他单词的复数形式做区别。% k& G" p  }5 a) v( h6 m( B5 R
(2)    The E adds length to a shortmain-idea word. Ex.: are, ewe, rye.避免单词过短。6 `0 k" l1 R3 K- P
(3)    The E gives a distinction inmeaning between homonyms. Ex: or/ore, for/fore.与同音字相区别。) l0 w+ F' {9 ?7 `
(4)    The E is left over from MiddleEnglish or a foreign language where the final E was once pronounced. Ex:treatise, giraffe.在中古英语或外来语中曾经发音的e得以保留下来。
' T% ]) Z/ L5 S3 [2 E0 N/ c
2 U1 |# E$ N' W8、WOR, z: {  ~( n  L/ M
Rule: The phonogram or may say [ə:] afterthe w(works).5 j% l7 I- K, V0 m
规则:or通常读[ɔr:],但是or跟在w后,通常读[ə:](例外,仍读[ɔr:] worn sworn sword)
- x: N+ Q/ a& M& P- I' e
" H1 L6 W  p3 `' ]) {; T9、IE or EI
4 x" Q& S" c1 F- a9 FRule: We use the ie most often. We use theie to say [i:](piece), as a suffix(mov ie), to say[ai](pie). We use the eiafter c(re ceive),if we say [ei],and in some exceptions.(Either weird foreignsovereign forfeited leisure. Neither heifer seized counterfeit protein.)
' l9 f5 J- q* E0 M2 J- {) @% |规则:! j+ @' c% w% S! q8 Y
ie:我们最常用ie.(发音为[i:],[ ai]时用ie,表示后缀时也用ie), v6 A4 }# O) s. [
ei:用ei有三种情况:1.在c后;2.如果读[ei](因为ie没有[ei]这个读音);3.例外,这些词可以用以下两个句子:. }+ q9 b8 ]: i: L  x  i
Either weird foreign sovereign forfeitedleisure., V8 x  d2 I) c# ?
Neither heifer seized counterfeit protein.
  t7 C- w& j6 t+ n2 I+ e% U& U2 L  M* m
10、SH! E& _; O3 T6 z4 I8 U( K
Rule: SH is used at the beginning of aword(she),at the end of a syllable/word(fish/fish es),but not at the beginningof any syllable after the first one(na tion), except for theending-ship(friendship).
* x/ W! V! W. Z. B+ n* gRule:, Q/ i+ a0 W( g7 }0 w( i
规则:SH用在单词词首、在音节或单词尾,但不用在非第一音节的其他首位(除了后缀-ship)
0 F6 G+ Z$ h( X6 k) p0 Y" i( o' [. f
11、TI, SI, CI
) n2 u5 y! T% WRule11-1: The ti, si, ci say [ʃ] at thebeginning of any syllable after the first one.
3 f0 g9 e5 I2 ], O7 \(na tion, man sion, spe cial)
/ o! c3 G% A* P! Q  k6 Y* r3 |* x规则11-1:ti, si, ci 用在非第一音节的其他首位,读[ʃ]。8 D! U& T' \: h6 C8 c/ \3 X" R

7 D1 L+ P3 F+ E% q( b8 pRule11-2: The si say [ʃ] when the precedingsyllable ends with s (ses sion) and when the root word has an s(manse/mansion).Only si can say [ʒ]except for ti in “equation”(vision)
3 Z! R2 _9 v4 \! |9 \! c4 W规则11-2:前面的音节以S结尾或者当根词以s结尾,si读[ʃ],TI, SI, CI中只有si 可以读[ʒ](除了equation中的ti)* b1 g5 G0 V" l. L
9 c! v) A- f& I+ ~; U
12、ABBREVIATIONS 缩写词+ g0 R0 Y  J" g+ [4 S4 R
Use a few letters to represent a larger word(Mr. =Mister, m=meter, CA=California).
& f. H1 M3 h7 u( s2 D- G# F0 X
! w" a( y3 |- \. M6 c$ Z8 t% y13、CONTRACTIONS 缩略词- }& W  d' C# J8 ^" b+ S, X2 e0 M
Replace a letter (or letters) with anapostrophe to contract (or shorten)a phrase(I am=I’m).
5 {8 E0 C- y, c! O, L' H" w
  I/ F1 x2 O6 @6 j14、Rule 1-1-1 suffix& m! N6 @# X3 d8 |9 t/ v1 w
Rule: With a one-syllable wordending in one vowel then one consonant, double the last consonantbefore adding a vowel suffix(get, getting).
/ Q; g- ~! o+ T6 m规则:以一个元音加一个辅音结尾的单音节单词,加以元音开头的后缀时,双写最后一个辅音。8 [  _! `$ c- q% N

" z# z& H1 p( x( v15、Rule 2-1-1 Accent: `% F* `0 D+ e. v- N
Rule: With a two-syllable word ending inone vowel the one consonant, double the last consonant before adding avowel suffix IF the accent is on the last syllable.(for get, for getting)
) A7 y. C  g4 G规则:以一个元音加一个辅音结尾的双音节或多音节词,加以元音开头的后缀时,如果重音在最后一个音节,则双写辅音后再加后缀。: B" V2 @# g+ W- V% R* e
: b, D# B" _. b# Y0 y1 ^) D9 P
16、E’s Dropping Rule- @/ E$ y2 z( [- L. z& U
Rule: Silent final Es commonly lose theneed for the E when adding a vowel suffix(hope/hoping/hopeless). In words likenoticeable or changeable rules 2 and 3 override rule 16.
5 v: y4 [! c% e' n: O6 K" n规则:当加以元音开头的后缀时,一般要去掉结尾不发音的e。但是当符合规则2,3的词比如noticeable 或 changeable,要按照规则2,3,而不用规则16。5 s$ r/ z( p  r! q
6 Q0 L+ B, L7 T5 n& ~! \
17、F F, L L, S S- A4 p% X! I* t0 L0 |
Rule: We often double F, L, S after asingle vowel at the end of a base word (off, all, confess).
# B/ F* p. \% S. c; ]$ [* xOccasionally other letters are doubled inthis way (ebb, odd, egg, inn, err, watt, jazz).
  D. J* ]/ x) H6 A规则:单元音后面,词尾的f, l, s通常要双写。(有时还有其他一些字母也双写ebb, odd, egg, inn, err, watt, jazz)
6 U" U7 D3 _. {! ^$ [1 M; p+ ^/ t, @4 Q! i( W: Z5 h
18、AY  }5 B8 g% t4 r, }. ~
Rule: AY usually says [ei] at the end of abase word (may, pay). When a word ends with a it says [a:](ma).
8 a- O4 @9 z! |8 I* C) d+ r' }规则:ay用在单词结尾时通常读[ei]。在词尾的a读[a:]。  }3 y, a+ i( ?* P3 q" r

8 s* y: D/ S4 c! `+ _, f19、I&O
  b+ n$ r/ @6 V0 ?Rule: I and O may say [ai] and [əu] whenfollowed by two consonants (find, cold).5 p1 U6 F1 L$ P2 E
规则:I 和O后面跟着两个辅音,可能发音[ai]和[əu]。/ z! E( n, n9 b& u, }
1 Q( {- n% u9 X3 I+ C; E
20、S, X &Suffix-es1 Y$ Z5 a2 u! b: H9 r
Rule20-1: to make most nouns plural, justadd-s. When the word hisses (ch, tch, sh, x, s, z), changes, or just stops withO, add-es. Occasional words have no change, an internal change, or an irregularspelling./ t3 P$ F  x6 P/ w# a' e
规则20-1:一般加s。尾音类似“嘶嘶”音的(ch, tch, sh, x, s, z)、需要y变i、f变v(wife/wives; fly/flies)、或者以o结尾的(tomato/tomatoes),加es。少量单词的复数形式保持原形不变(sheep/sheep),或只变中间(man/men),或是无变化规则的拼写形式(alumnus/alumni; piano/pianos)。; F1 S% ^, {7 g9 w! @" n5 \7 I
) G+ }5 B$ d, |/ g* O! b
Rule20-2:X is never directlybefore S. (boxes, excel). There is a sound in X.
9 ~  p2 p" G- k' F; W0 h( L1 [% b! m规则20-2:X从来不用在s前面。X里有的发音。8 o* U- e; b$ X, R" t

3 q% @+ ~9 L& z3 C  v) U21、Dismiss L rule- D/ }+ ]2 J( p9 |6 [
Rule: the words ALL, FULL and till arewritten with one L when they are added to another syllable. (almost, fulfill,careful, until).
, {+ o; E: d% f; M8 T* }规则:all, full, till, 当它们加到词根上形成另一个音节时,只写一个L。
( s2 t/ d4 H3 X3 v5 T: w* E
! }9 Q9 T1 a+ x: g& l9 {22、DGE
3 R$ s! U- E; N2 C, wRule: DGE is used only after a single vowelwhich says [æ]-[e]--[ɔ]-[ʌ] (badge, edge, ridge, lodge, fudge).6 Z  r/ i; W4 G; J
规则:三个字母音图[dʒ](dge),可用在读[æ]-[e]--[ɔ]-[ʌ]的单元音后面。' ]/ l/ k6 o; z) c

& s) q* `; @0 B( ], t' b23、TCH
: ?4 g! t! v9 r9 i* D8 vRule: TCH may be used after a single vowelwhich does not say [ei]-[i:]-[ai]-[əu]-[ju:](match, watch, sketch, blotch,crutch, butcher)9 s( T% ]0 ?3 J: S( E" Z- P( G
规则:TCH [tʃ],可用在不读[ei]-[i:]-[ai]-[əu]-[ju:]的单元音后面。  o# J8 O8 z# D

) R, i0 o- F. Q3 I# S6 S: A/ S# m24、Y’s Suffixes0 H) u+ ~7 b* o% t4 R9 @
Rule: The single vowel Y (not phonogramsay, ey or oy) changes to i when adding a suffix(try/tried, pup py/pup pies)unless the suffix starts with an i (-ing/try ing, -ish/ba by ish).
/ z, p- {& G, K3 `6 h规则:以单元音y结尾的单词,加后缀时,要将y改成i,以i开头的后缀除外。
: j' r8 [& J6 D% G# ^+ N' M1 S+ Y; X9 ]0 d4 R
25、CK  |: U, {/ A, H; d, r7 G
Rule: CK used only after a single vowelwhich says[æ]-[e]--[ɔ]-[ʌ](back, peck, pick, pock et, truck)4 z, a* F/ P6 T  }: Y7 H7 `) F
规则:CK只用在读[æ]-[e]--[ɔ]-[ʌ]的单元音后面。
5 @; i7 C. Y/ K# \5 S8 y  |+ u8 x+ ^( d/ B) f3 M- s7 C
26、CAPITALIZE4 E1 b# i9 v" n' o
Rule: Individual names or titles of persons(Jesus), place(Ohio) or things(Bible).
$ g6 A9 [$ k) P6 T/ Z3 k$ h规则:大写规则。专有名词首字母大写。
3 w( s% `" t# P$ g8 [
% M8 z, r  U/ o, b( U0 @0 A0 y27、Z, NEVER S. |2 a4 e4 ~% w, d! [
Rule: The z, never s, is used to say [z] atthe beginning of a root word (zebra, zoo).! K, c4 `' H8 C6 z7 [+ ^3 G& h$ c
规则:单词开头发音[z],用z,永远不会用s。
# l% ]0 y' V% n  j
% T/ _/ t# a" j8 `# @1 C/ Q28、ED6 K& F: Z  H7 h
Rule: The ed says[d]and[t]as the past tenseending of any root word that does not end in the sound [d](killed)or[t](liked).When the ed says[ed]after words ending with d(land/ land ed) or t(act/act ed)they form another syllable.
$ r( E. t; v1 O' A  E1 T) `2 |规则:根词词尾读[d]或[t]时,过去式后缀ed读[ed],形成另一个音节。根词词尾不读[d]或[t]时,过去式后缀ed读[d]或[t]。根词词尾是voiced sound(浊音),读[d](voiced);根词词尾是unvoiced sound(清音),读[t](unvoiced)。4 E1 F( S# {5 x0 y- y- |) C8 V

* g' Z0 l( x9 h29、Double Consonants
% ~8 \* j/ O6 K6 _) A) f$ iRule: Double consonants within words ofmore than one syllable should both be sounded for spelling (lit tle, but ton)& v  E: R; R/ X3 c
规则:多音节单词中双写辅音的,为拼写目的需要都读出来(这是给指导教师听写用的规则,学生不需要学习)。4 |* i2 {# {: g# D
分享到:
免花下载:扫描二维码关注猜网官方公众号【无猜英语 lxwc-kids
1、回复 “139”免费领取《粉红猪小妹英文版全集 Peppa Pig 全4季211集
2、回复 “480”免费领取《爱探险的朵拉全八季高清版
3、回复 “1101”免费领取《Little fox系列 160首英文儿歌 高清动画
4、回复 “759”免费领取《汪汪队立大功 PAW Patrol 全4季高清104集
5、回复 “578”免费领取《小鼠波波 Maisy Mouse 全106集动画+音频
6、回复 “222”免费领取《跳跳蛙 Leap Frog 全13集MKV
7、回复 “501”免费领取《米奇妙妙屋 英文版全5季+剧场版
8、回复 “590”免费领取《字母积木 Alphablocks 全4季高清720P版
9、回复 “1356”免费领取《Raz-kids 1000多本绘本+音频

最新评论

noavatar
0 点赞 Michael.Hu 发表于 2018-7-9 18:33:14
字体没有选择好,有点乱
$ N6 v# h; R# ^' w不过,谢谢分享
noavatar
0 点赞 娉婷之宁 发表于 2018-7-9 18:48:28
谢谢好资源分享
noavatar
0 点赞 肆公子 发表于 2018-7-9 19:04:56
字体没有选择好,有点乱
/ e/ x# \! w$ v/ F2 Q9 o不过,谢谢分享
noavatar
0 点赞 徐冰钰 发表于 2018-7-9 19:27:47
谢谢好资源分享
noavatar
0 点赞 wx_翼_pTAoo 发表于 2018-7-9 19:47:36
soft sound是软音,不是轻音。
noavatar
0 点赞 胡良平 发表于 2018-7-9 20:21:38
谢谢分享好资源!
noavatar
0 点赞 wx_CwCwz 发表于 2018-7-9 20:25:44
谢谢分享好资源
noavatar
0 点赞 phoenixjingle 发表于 2018-7-9 20:31:54
谢谢分享好资源
noavatar
0 点赞 stellarcw 发表于 2018-7-9 20:32:48
thx 4 sharing
12345下一页
快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表