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学习phonics的 29个拼写规则介绍

3 点赞 作者: 秋江 |2018-7-9 18:11 | 查看/评论: 2341/75| 有效评论: 56

这篇是技术贴,主要列出了拼读拼写中的一些规则,需要认真学习。7 B- w. c7 U6 Q7 r9 X

: t7 \7 J# L% Q9 Z) h' e2 h7 |学习方法是在学习单词的过程中,遇到相应的规则就教给孩子,不用逐条背诵规则。1 f1 I2 }" q1 J( V9 x+ R* M9 s- R
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记住这些规则,妈妈再也不用担心孩子的英文拼读了。
4 F( F- y, V. p" i2 Q" {1 T2 G
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Rule:Q is always followedby U. U is not a vowel here.(queen).) J4 d& V* C- p; b8 v( @
规则:Q后面总是跟着U,U在这里不是元音。(比如:queen)。6 d8 }% z7 d4 r1 F; k, s, M+ `& L
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2、  C- D7 ?7 b" C+ e8 X# p. M7 N/ ~
Rule: The letter C usually says [k] (cat,cot, cut), but C saysbefore e, i, or y(cent, city, cycle).9 t5 k8 b' S& W' k
规则:C通常发音[k] (比如:cat, cot, cut),但是C 在e, i, y前发音。(比如:cent, city, cycle)3 n7 v6 F. F% J
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3、  G$ l, L6 A* q0 }/ G. G
Rule: The letter g usually says [g] (gate,go, gust), but g may say [dʒ] before e, i, or y (page, giant, gym). The letterse and i following g do not always make the g say [dʒ] (get, girl, give); F4 `8 m. }- z  Z) W, n
规则:G通常发音[g],但是G 在e, i, y前可能发音[dʒ]。e和i 不一定总是让前面的g发音[dʒ] (比如:get, girl, give)9 S$ O. w* V: Q5 B+ d( A

( G& h# {. h3 X/ J4、  A,E,O,U9 K' M: j# P( g. z7 ^8 J
Rule: A, E, O, U usually say letter name atthe end of a syllable.4 K: v: b- K0 o. R
规则:A, E, O, U在音节尾通常发音字母音。0 N0 D* W1 }5 X4 d+ @
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5、I & Y( q9 e7 `; o' g7 e
Rule: I and Y may say [ai]at the end of asyllable (si lent, cy cle), but usually say (in ci dent, cy cli cal). Theunaccented suffix-y may say [i:] at the end of a word(ba by, dad dy). The i atthe end of a syllable before another vowel that begins the next syllable maysay [i:](ra di o, me di a); i' K# I8 Y& A1 X
规则:I 和 Y 在音节尾可能发音[ai],但通常发音。9 S) B+ b! n$ x/ ?7 d2 [2 D$ V
     非重读音节词尾的后缀y,可能读[i:](实际发音处在长音[i:]和短音之间)。I 在音节尾、下一音节首是另一元音时,i 可能会读[i:] (ra di o, me di a, period, curious)
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6、Y not I8 C1 U) D7 X4 z2 C9 R( s& v
Rule: English words do not end in i, j, uor v. the letter y, not i, is used at the end of an English word(my).3 f/ r2 R3 k- m& p6 K* `
规则:英语单词不以i, j, u o或者 v 结尾。用y替代i用在英语单词词尾。8 U5 N2 z2 Y" R( {- q

% r/ |3 P; b; ]( k7、silent final Es
. J" t; m9 d: {: cRule 7-1: silent final e is to let thevowel say its second sound(letter name)) a5 ^% |, U1 a, ^4 d
规则7-1:结尾不发音e使跟它隔一个字母的元音字母发第二音(即字母音,长音);
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Rule 7-2: silent final e is to prevent usfrom ending an English word with u or v, because English words do not end in i,j, u or v." P, R& ?) h( _1 [: S! q$ t
规则7-2:避免u和v出现在英语单词词尾。因为英语单词不以i, j, u 或者 v结尾。
8 A. o# ]4 ?  e) O( O0 |1 J% z* G% e7 g  j3 N. S
Rule 7-3: silent final e is to soften a cor g(to make c says,g says [dʒ])* |& ?5 x1 s" E# S* M- [
规则7-3: 使c和g读轻音(使c读,g读[dʒ])
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Rule 7-4: silent final e is to prevent usfrom having a syllable with no vowel. Every syllable must have a written vowel.
- \, W2 B6 D- u/ H1 K0 M2 j规则7-4: 避免一个音节中没有元音。因为每一个音节都必须要有一个元音字母。
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Rule 7-5ther jobs or unknown reasons:
: y- s2 j8 T9 _' L0 w! L+ s5 W( U(1)    The E keeps a word that is notplural from ending in an ‘s’ Ex: dense(not dens),purse(not purs),false(notfals).跟其他单词的复数形式做区别。
% Y$ S3 ?. M  V6 y(2)    The E adds length to a shortmain-idea word. Ex.: are, ewe, rye.避免单词过短。
' c9 i- }% ]$ |(3)    The E gives a distinction inmeaning between homonyms. Ex: or/ore, for/fore.与同音字相区别。
' S; s. a' L0 S& A7 J' O8 A: R/ ~(4)    The E is left over from MiddleEnglish or a foreign language where the final E was once pronounced. Ex:treatise, giraffe.在中古英语或外来语中曾经发音的e得以保留下来。
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8、WOR% z" D9 \5 H- M# N
Rule: The phonogram or may say [ə:] afterthe w(works).  D$ m  w" G3 ?
规则:or通常读[ɔr:],但是or跟在w后,通常读[ə:](例外,仍读[ɔr:] worn sworn sword)
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! t5 L' W# g6 |  `7 Q9、IE or EI
* |, s& U& `# q/ r- H6 iRule: We use the ie most often. We use theie to say [i:](piece), as a suffix(mov ie), to say[ai](pie). We use the eiafter c(re ceive),if we say [ei],and in some exceptions.(Either weird foreignsovereign forfeited leisure. Neither heifer seized counterfeit protein.)
- k/ }$ S# l! z规则:' T. I) }. p8 g& A
ie:我们最常用ie.(发音为[i:],[ ai]时用ie,表示后缀时也用ie)
8 ^4 B6 y9 ^. A& d3 _ei:用ei有三种情况:1.在c后;2.如果读[ei](因为ie没有[ei]这个读音);3.例外,这些词可以用以下两个句子:; D, v2 G& q4 X; ~* {4 H7 @
Either weird foreign sovereign forfeitedleisure., p1 t! [7 m  z1 A
Neither heifer seized counterfeit protein., Q8 V& J% p2 |/ A8 o
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10、SH) w6 r! `' o- Q0 L, I# X
Rule: SH is used at the beginning of aword(she),at the end of a syllable/word(fish/fish es),but not at the beginningof any syllable after the first one(na tion), except for theending-ship(friendship).6 B5 ~# a* z8 E" e
Rule:
: n& c- N; v8 j& e3 E$ Z规则:SH用在单词词首、在音节或单词尾,但不用在非第一音节的其他首位(除了后缀-ship)
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% f+ F* p1 R0 t11、TI, SI, CI
9 D1 }) S# ^7 ]1 D. `; P( ?Rule11-1: The ti, si, ci say [ʃ] at thebeginning of any syllable after the first one.
: `; t) G9 n' J$ z% D: p1 g(na tion, man sion, spe cial)+ x* H- M9 T/ K
规则11-1:ti, si, ci 用在非第一音节的其他首位,读[ʃ]。5 T9 N* x3 r$ U- J! L$ {
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Rule11-2: The si say [ʃ] when the precedingsyllable ends with s (ses sion) and when the root word has an s(manse/mansion).Only si can say [ʒ]except for ti in “equation”(vision)1 i# t( v# H$ N2 d/ I' I
规则11-2:前面的音节以S结尾或者当根词以s结尾,si读[ʃ],TI, SI, CI中只有si 可以读[ʒ](除了equation中的ti)$ t5 j. D$ l2 C* w% a

4 g8 _+ x+ C8 j' Z1 C12、ABBREVIATIONS 缩写词/ x+ M) k+ N0 k% M$ D
Use a few letters to represent a larger word(Mr. =Mister, m=meter, CA=California).
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! C* k& o! @# L) m13、CONTRACTIONS 缩略词& |& N: b1 P. ?
Replace a letter (or letters) with anapostrophe to contract (or shorten)a phrase(I am=I’m).
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14、Rule 1-1-1 suffix0 L  v0 ~" y) o4 `$ [/ E
Rule: With a one-syllable wordending in one vowel then one consonant, double the last consonantbefore adding a vowel suffix(get, getting).( K$ j/ T& T+ F, O" D, v
规则:以一个元音加一个辅音结尾的单音节单词,加以元音开头的后缀时,双写最后一个辅音。
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0 [  x+ [' X& f8 I1 k15、Rule 2-1-1 Accent
( m, c% _, H0 |$ f5 Z/ p5 }Rule: With a two-syllable word ending inone vowel the one consonant, double the last consonant before adding avowel suffix IF the accent is on the last syllable.(for get, for getting)
5 ~+ a& ~! g/ z: I* E9 a# H规则:以一个元音加一个辅音结尾的双音节或多音节词,加以元音开头的后缀时,如果重音在最后一个音节,则双写辅音后再加后缀。4 I6 v% b9 z% @. O+ x; i! R5 G

, V2 s5 r6 z0 e16、E’s Dropping Rule
+ ^9 m! l# ~- QRule: Silent final Es commonly lose theneed for the E when adding a vowel suffix(hope/hoping/hopeless). In words likenoticeable or changeable rules 2 and 3 override rule 16., }. w. z1 m4 R- h% R8 w0 v
规则:当加以元音开头的后缀时,一般要去掉结尾不发音的e。但是当符合规则2,3的词比如noticeable 或 changeable,要按照规则2,3,而不用规则16。- x5 F: j' T4 P0 Y  K
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17、F F, L L, S S8 x+ @7 U9 U. Y6 o
Rule: We often double F, L, S after asingle vowel at the end of a base word (off, all, confess).9 \0 _+ D; ?; p
Occasionally other letters are doubled inthis way (ebb, odd, egg, inn, err, watt, jazz).9 s8 u, f& Z# L9 [, l
规则:单元音后面,词尾的f, l, s通常要双写。(有时还有其他一些字母也双写ebb, odd, egg, inn, err, watt, jazz)! y4 |" P. k9 m" [
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18、AY3 G5 P/ q* U* o5 n: Q
Rule: AY usually says [ei] at the end of abase word (may, pay). When a word ends with a it says [a:](ma)., V& X/ k2 T) w7 P; y( _
规则:ay用在单词结尾时通常读[ei]。在词尾的a读[a:]。
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19、I&O
# n" ?' e5 Z8 k# B; I0 s, b6 z% ZRule: I and O may say [ai] and [əu] whenfollowed by two consonants (find, cold).
, a4 f0 a5 A$ E  V8 Q9 t规则:I 和O后面跟着两个辅音,可能发音[ai]和[əu]。
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20、S, X &Suffix-es
, i1 h1 H  b2 O& f# M! J/ s' }Rule20-1: to make most nouns plural, justadd-s. When the word hisses (ch, tch, sh, x, s, z), changes, or just stops withO, add-es. Occasional words have no change, an internal change, or an irregularspelling.8 P) n+ W3 G, [' K
规则20-1:一般加s。尾音类似“嘶嘶”音的(ch, tch, sh, x, s, z)、需要y变i、f变v(wife/wives; fly/flies)、或者以o结尾的(tomato/tomatoes),加es。少量单词的复数形式保持原形不变(sheep/sheep),或只变中间(man/men),或是无变化规则的拼写形式(alumnus/alumni; piano/pianos)。
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Rule20-2:X is never directlybefore S. (boxes, excel). There is a sound in X.
3 d2 r7 [' V1 B, [% p规则20-2:X从来不用在s前面。X里有的发音。1 Y3 @4 T+ ^9 G' ?

: q4 T7 M8 j8 K, G. m21、Dismiss L rule
5 D/ Z& J" @, N& FRule: the words ALL, FULL and till arewritten with one L when they are added to another syllable. (almost, fulfill,careful, until).
/ p* [' r2 Z) X8 D7 F规则:all, full, till, 当它们加到词根上形成另一个音节时,只写一个L。9 [( G. |( n6 M5 K7 j, A
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22、DGE  T: v7 a1 ~. v8 `3 @  y
Rule: DGE is used only after a single vowelwhich says [æ]-[e]--[ɔ]-[ʌ] (badge, edge, ridge, lodge, fudge).
4 Q$ G( k! m: _- R; `% A规则:三个字母音图[dʒ](dge),可用在读[æ]-[e]--[ɔ]-[ʌ]的单元音后面。$ W  M" s5 k* ~9 Y) K% q3 Y

, s6 c+ V9 G: |5 u6 X7 }' m23、TCH
, I! V" q0 `5 R/ f; z2 XRule: TCH may be used after a single vowelwhich does not say [ei]-[i:]-[ai]-[əu]-[ju:](match, watch, sketch, blotch,crutch, butcher)
$ }, \! c! G4 Q) V+ j规则:TCH [tʃ],可用在不读[ei]-[i:]-[ai]-[əu]-[ju:]的单元音后面。
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/ n9 s  O: A- o0 |1 |! w( f9 f24、Y’s Suffixes: ~+ {! ]4 ]& E- \( F0 T
Rule: The single vowel Y (not phonogramsay, ey or oy) changes to i when adding a suffix(try/tried, pup py/pup pies)unless the suffix starts with an i (-ing/try ing, -ish/ba by ish).
- |; X$ p4 Z* Z- p; i规则:以单元音y结尾的单词,加后缀时,要将y改成i,以i开头的后缀除外。* L$ F6 x+ W4 ^" y0 w
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25、CK- V' U( D' m4 H+ R2 l! q' i" g
Rule: CK used only after a single vowelwhich says[æ]-[e]--[ɔ]-[ʌ](back, peck, pick, pock et, truck)% a( @# d5 Y3 ]) i4 q6 r1 W1 {, j+ R! T
规则:CK只用在读[æ]-[e]--[ɔ]-[ʌ]的单元音后面。
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26、CAPITALIZE' `1 m9 G0 U2 ^7 ]9 \
Rule: Individual names or titles of persons(Jesus), place(Ohio) or things(Bible).! d* E  [2 ^0 i8 ^4 R: t1 \) F' m
规则:大写规则。专有名词首字母大写。
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0 d: A. b2 K8 c( V/ ^/ f27、Z, NEVER S
7 R& ?2 a4 C2 r7 M7 xRule: The z, never s, is used to say [z] atthe beginning of a root word (zebra, zoo).  Q4 h3 P( {9 [4 |" f( t
规则:单词开头发音[z],用z,永远不会用s。0 s3 V9 Y: N; f1 f) K' H
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28、ED  b8 Y) }$ K$ w' S  f8 Y
Rule: The ed says[d]and[t]as the past tenseending of any root word that does not end in the sound [d](killed)or[t](liked).When the ed says[ed]after words ending with d(land/ land ed) or t(act/act ed)they form another syllable.
+ l5 M& J% R0 V+ |# q规则:根词词尾读[d]或[t]时,过去式后缀ed读[ed],形成另一个音节。根词词尾不读[d]或[t]时,过去式后缀ed读[d]或[t]。根词词尾是voiced sound(浊音),读[d](voiced);根词词尾是unvoiced sound(清音),读[t](unvoiced)。) b8 A/ h. j* q, I1 j

, t: e4 s4 b6 C' {- Y! x29、Double Consonants$ J, z1 b: O8 j" [/ w, t
Rule: Double consonants within words ofmore than one syllable should both be sounded for spelling (lit tle, but ton)7 U: j7 ~. v; |: D* |" y( T9 w: S$ W
规则:多音节单词中双写辅音的,为拼写目的需要都读出来(这是给指导教师听写用的规则,学生不需要学习)。2 e' C: Z6 m% W+ Q7 `: S' n
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最新评论

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0 点赞 Michael.Hu 发表于 2018-7-9 18:33:14
字体没有选择好,有点乱2 o( Z3 e, w; N; S) j
不过,谢谢分享
noavatar
0 点赞 娉婷之宁 发表于 2018-7-9 18:48:28
谢谢好资源分享
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0 点赞 肆公子 发表于 2018-7-9 19:04:56
字体没有选择好,有点乱
& i2 i9 [) p. o- m& O5 w不过,谢谢分享
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0 点赞 徐冰钰 发表于 2018-7-9 19:27:47
谢谢好资源分享
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0 点赞 wx_翼_pTAoo 发表于 2018-7-9 19:47:36
soft sound是软音,不是轻音。
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0 点赞 胡良平 发表于 2018-7-9 20:21:38
谢谢分享好资源!
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0 点赞 wx_CwCwz 发表于 2018-7-9 20:25:44
谢谢分享好资源
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0 点赞 phoenixjingle 发表于 2018-7-9 20:31:54
谢谢分享好资源
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0 点赞 stellarcw 发表于 2018-7-9 20:32:48
thx 4 sharing

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